August Spies' Auto-Biography; His Speech in Court and General Notes.
Chicago: Nina van Zandt, 1887
Memoir of one of the most prominent of the Chicago Haymarket martyrs of 1887, August Vincent Theodore Spies (born 1855). Spies, the editor of the radical "Chicagoer Arbeiter-Zeitung" (Chicago Workers' News), was a speaker at the ill-fated May 4, 1886 political rally at which a bomb was thrown and policemen killed. In the aftermath, law enforcement authorities rounded up top leaders of Chicago's radical movement and tried them on conspiracy to commit murder charges.
Spies was executed on November 11, 1887 along with Albert R. Parsons, Adolph Fischer, and George Engel. Another defendant due to die that day committed suicide the night before the scheduled hanging.
The Spies memoir was published by his wife, Nina van Zandt.
Published in the USA prior to 1923, public domain.